Forex trading is, at its most basic level, identical to the currency exchange you may conduct while traveling abroad: A trader buys one currency and sells another, and the exchange rate varies continually as supply and demand dictate.

The foreign exchange market, a worldwide marketplace operating 24 hours a day, Monday through Friday, is where currencies are transacted. All forex trading is done over the counter (OTC), which means there is no physical exchange (as there is for stocks) and the market is supervised by a worldwide network of banks and other financial organizations (instead of a central exchange, like the New York Stock Exchange).

Institutional traders, such as those who work for banks, fund managers, and multinational businesses, account for the great bulk of trade activity in the FX market. These traders may just be speculating on or hedging against future exchange rate changes, without necessarily intending to take physical ownership of the currency.

Term Definitions in Forex

Every market has its own dialect. Before you start trading forex, familiarize yourself with the following terms:

Currency Pair. A currency pair is used in every forex exchange. There are other less common deals in addition to the big (like exotics, which are currencies of developing countries).

Pip. The smallest conceivable price movement within a currency pair is referred to as a pip, which is short for percentage in points. A pip is equivalent to 0.0001 since forex prices are stated to at least four decimal places.

Bid-ask spread. Exchange rates, like other assets (such as stocks), are established by the highest amount buyers are prepared to pay for a currency (the bid) and the minimum amount sellers must sell for (the ask). The bid-ask spread is the difference between these two figures and the price at which deals will be performed.

Lot. A lot, or a standardized amount of cash, is the unit of exchange for forex. The standard lot size for trading is 100,000 units of money, however there are also micro (1,000) and mini (10,000) lots available.

Leverage. Because of the high lot sizes, some traders may be hesitant to risk such a big sum of money on a deal. Leverage, or borrowing money, allows traders to engage in the forex market without having to invest as much money as they would otherwise.

Margin. However, trading using leverage isn’t free. Traders must make an initial deposit, which is referred to as margin.


The foreign exchange market (sometimes known as the forex market or FX market) is a marketplace for exchanging foreign currencies. Forex is the world’s largest market, and the deals that take place there have an impact on everything from the cost of goods imported from China to the cost of a margarita while on vacation in Mexico.

Forex for Beginners

The best way for beginners to enter to the world of forex trading is to trust a company to purchase a robot for trading. The Crobo group is made up of crypto and forex specialists on the one hand, and experienced forex software and robot developers on the other. Trading algorithms and robot trading mechanisms are updated and improved on a regular basis in the Crobo group, depending on the most recent developments in the forex industry.

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